The museum's collections: Obstetrics
Learn a little about the creation of forceps and their evolution over time.
In Europe, childbirth assistance was provided by midwives or midwives, but at the end of the 16th century the participation of male professionals became fashionable among the upper classes.
Since there is some complication in childbirth, and taking into account the complexity of practicing a cesarean section due to the lack of techniques in asepsis and anesthesia, instruments were sought that would facilitate the process. In this context, the figure of Peter Chamberlen stands out, who at the end of the 16th century designed the first obstetric forceps.
In 1713, Jean Palfyn created an instrument composed of two flat plates of little surface, with internal concavity to adapt to the head of the product, extended by two parallel handles, without crossing; It was known as Palfyn's "iron hands." With the same principle, in 1732, Dusee introduced an articular system with a pressure screw that allowed to approximate or distance the spoons, increased the cephalic curvature and made the hook-shaped handles, to ensure traction. Subsequently, the manufacture of forceps has had various aggregates and modifications.
In Mexico, in the mid-twentieth century, Héctor Salinas, who graduated from the UANL School of Medicine, carried out research that allowed him to improve the design of the forceps of his time, and that currently - with registered patent - are used in many parts from the country and abroad.